Project Management Processes & Phases

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If so, it might be time to start implementing proven project management processes and phases at your organization in order to bring your company’s workflow under control. Cost: Estimate the costs involved across the project and formulate a budget. Get Buy-In for a New PM Process.

Project Estimation: Master the Tools and Techniques

Online PM Courses

There are two reasons why Project Estimation is a big deal for project managers. And second, poor estimates are often a primary reason for a project cost or schedule over-run. What is Project Estimation? Why is Project Estimation so hard? The Estimation Knife Edge.

Software Estimating Resources

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This blog page is dedicated to the resources used to estimate software-intensive systems using traditional and agile development methods. COSMIC Software Estimation Approach,” Alain Abran, ICEAA Workshop, Portland Oregon, June 6?9, Estimating Probable System Cost,” Stephen A.

RBS is one more technique for your estimation tool belt!

Kiron Bondale

Project managers need to be comfortable with different estimation techniques. Foundational project management courses will teach you about analogous, bottom-up, parametric and three-point estimating. Estimate the size or effort of that story or work package.

Estimates, Forecasts, Projections

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Estimates. An Estimate is a value inferred for a population of values based on data collected from a sample of data from that population. The estimate can also be produced parametrically or through a simulation (Monte Carlo is common, but Method of Moments is another we use). . Estimates can be about the past, present, or future. We can estimate the number of clams in the Pleistocene era that are in the shale formations near our house. Estimate to Complete.

Principles of Cost and Schedule Estimating

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One of the 4 summary root causes of project performance failures is Unrealistic Cost and Schedule Estimates based on inadequate risk-adjusted growth models. If you have no uncertainty, then estimates provide no value. Related articles.

Why Johnny Can't Estimate?

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Since all risk comes from uncertainty - reducible (Epistemic) and irreducible (Aleatory), estimating is a foundation of all we do. There is no discussion of the conjecture that estimates are a waste, estimates can't be done, estimates are evil, estimates must be stopped immediately. To be informed how to estimate in this broad range of domains, problems, and impacts - education, exp[erience, and skill are needed. Gow to avoid common estimating mistakes.

Closed Loop Control and Granularity of the Estimating Process

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DP6Jw is an overview of this process. To control this process using feedback and corrective actions ‒ in the same way, your closed loop controller for your air conditioner or heater does - a sampling rate is determined based on the rate of change of the underlying processes. These measures, corrective actions, and resulting outcomes operate in the presence of statistical and probabilistic processes. Stochastic process control is the field of study.

Decisions Without Estimates?

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Can you make a decision without an estimate? There are NO means of making a credible decision in the presence of uncertainty without estimating the outcome of that decision. These two points of view are the basis of any credible business management process. Related articles.

How to Talk About Estimates

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What is an estimate? An estimate as a noun is an approximate calculation or judgment of the value, number, quantity, or extent of something. An estimate as a verb is to roughly calculate or judge the value, number, quantity, or extent of. Related articles. Estimates.

Estimating is a Learned Skill

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Estimating is a learned skill, used for any purpose from every-day life to management of projects. When I left for the airport this morning to catch my flight to a customer site I estimated, given the conditions, how much time I need to get to my favorite parking spot at DIA. The same process for estimating is applied to multi-billion dollar projects we work. And the same process is applied to the Scrum development processes on those projects. .

Why Johnny Can't Estimate? (Update)

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There is a discussion of the conjecture that estimates are a waste, estimates can't be done, estimates are evil, estimates must be stopped immediately. To be informed how to estimate in this broad range of domains, problems, and impacts — education, experience, and skill are needed. Through this education process and the hands-on experiences that followed, we all learned an Immutable Principle. Generating accurate and precise estimates is straightforward.

Reasons to Estimate and Measure

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Estimating Software-Intensive Systems: Project, Products, and Processes , Richard D. Stutzke is a starting point for estimating software projects. I recommend it for anyone starting out in the estimating business all the way to seasoned veterans. Related articles.

Basis of Estimating Software Development

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The estimating of software development is both straightforward and complex. When it is suggested that estimating is hard, of no value, and unnecessary, always ask what principle is used to support that claim? Here are some resources that will provide guidance to produce credible software development estimates, in both traditional and agile domains. Software Sizing and Estimating: Mk II FPA , Charles Symons, John Wiley & Sons, 1991. Related articles.

Estimating the Risk

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Aleatory uncertainty, which is the naturally occurring yields variances in the underlying processes. Epistemic uncertainty comes from probabilistic processes that can be addressed with handling responses. In order to make risk-informed decisions, we must estimate the outcomes and the impacts of those outcomes on future activities (cost, schedule, and technical performance of products and services). Without these estimates, there is no risk management.

Estimating Accuracy Mathematics

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In the estimating business, like many things in project management, there is confusion about principles, practices, and processes. A good estimation approach should provide estimates that are within 25% of the actual results, 75% of the time. Related articles.

How To Create A Simple Project Plan (Project Planning Process)

PM Basics

Nevertheless, project planning is a structured and logical process. In this article, I’ll show you a proven workflow. At each moment of the process, you’re in need of information that you don’t have yet. You need to evaluate each process. Estimate required resources.

Why Johnny Still Cannot Estimate

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He doesn't know how - He doesn't understand how estimates fit into the process of business and managerial finance of product or service development. He doesn't understand why estimates are needed - He doesn't understand the impact on the business for not knowing how long, how much, and what will be produced for the time and money. Coding work is much more fun than making estimates, documenting the requirements, writing tests. Related articles.

Agile Estimating Methods and Impact on Project Development Performance Index

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The presentation " Quantifying the Impact of Agile Practices ," Larry MacCherone at the RallyOn 2013 Conference, presents some results on estimating impacts. The Higher the number the better the performance of the process. Related articles. How to Estimate Software Development.

When to Estimate and When Estimates aren't Needed

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Paul Boos has a post about estimating and makes a case for the Principles of when NOT to estimate. This struck a cord around a bigger topic - the inversion of estimating. When should we NOT estimate? What business decision making conditions could be in place where we don't have to estimate the outcomes of our decision in the presence of uncertainty? Then on to the original conjecture for No Estimates from Paul's post. Not principles for NOT estimating.

Why Estimates are Needed for Success in the Nondeterministic Universe

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There's a fallacy used by some in the software development business, that estimates are not needed to make decisions in the presence of uncertainty. And of course to manage in the presence of uncertainty and the resulting risks we need specific processes and practices based on principles. .

4 Fallacious Reasons to Estimate and Why Those Are Fallacious

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There's a recent post titled Four Fallacious Reasons to Estimate. It lists the usual suspects for why those spending the money think they don't have to estimate how much they plan to spend when they'll be done producing the value they've been assigned to produce for that expenditure.

How to Estimate Any Software Problem

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ways to make decisions with No Estimates. can we make a decision in the presence of Uncertainty without making an estimate of the impact or outcome of that decision? Let's put aside for the moment the missing principles of managerial finance, probabilistic decision making, microeconomics of decision making, Real Options, Bayesian decision networks, and other decision making processes used in modern business when spending other people's money. An estimate is.

Five Immutable Principles of Project Success and Estimating

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In order to manage risk - and act as an adult when spending other people's money - you must estimate many aspects of the project. The Five Immutable Principles of Project Success layout the aspects of project success that must be managed using estimates. . Related articles.

Process is King Part 2

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I wrote a post about Process is King a few years ago. Came across a few posts about how people trump process. fail to put those people in a process that can guide their success. . People without process is an undirected effort and where I work, that's called waste.

The Magic 7 Project Portfolio Management Process Steps

Project-Management.pm

Countless business articles have provided you viable information regarding project portfolio management , accompanied by its objective, the roles of the portfolio manager, and the benefits of the project portfolio management as a whole. And the answer to all of these is in the guise of project portfolio management process steps. Project Portfolio Management Process Steps : #1 – Commitment from the Executives. Project Portfolio Management Process Steps : #5 – Balance is Key.

Empower Your Human Resources Processes

MindGenius

Entrepreneurs can’t afford to lose time, money and results from a bad hiring choice (a recent Forbes article by Falon Fatemi quotes Zappos CEO Tony Hsieh who once estimated that bad hires had cost the company “well over $100 million”). What I have learnt from all hires is that consistent review and updating of the recruitment and onboarding process is key to getting it more right than wrong. A Guide to Saving Time in Marketing Planning.

Estimating on Non-Trivial Software Projects

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A nice conversation on twitter about estimates on software brought up the topic of estimates as commitments. The #NoEstimates advocates see estimates as making commitments. Yes, commitments are made when we estimate. I have an 80% confidence (an estimate) I can deliver what you need on or before September 15 (an estimate), at or below $15,000.oo (an estimate) with a 15% error band (an estimate). . Estimates are not needed.

Behavioural Economics, Estimating, and Decision Making in Presence of Uncertainty

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The behavioral aspects of these decisions involve individuals, organizations, processes, procedures, and governance principles. . Related articles. Why Guessing is not Estimating and Estimating is not Guessing.

The Five Laws of Software Estimating are Wrong

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There's a blog post from a few years back that has resurfaced The 5 Laws of Software Estimates. Law of Software Estimating. Fact of Software Estimating. Estimates are waste. To those paying the developers, estimates provide actionable information needed to make decisions: Can we afford to develop this feature? Estimates are non-transferrable . Its claimed Software estimates are not fungible. This is basic business process improvement.

Principles, Processes, and Practices of Project Success

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Practices and Process are Fads. A Process is a series of steps and decisions involved in the way work is completed. Here's my version in the form of questions that when answered form the foundation for the Practices and Processes. Related articles.

Estimating is an Everyday Life and Everyday Projects

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A recent twitter post started out with I predict my train will depart from platform 12 in 10 minutes: degree of predictability correlates with length of time I then asked and what is the evidence on which you base this estimated time of departure? I got back I didn't estimate departure, there is a timetable there, but Trains someone's run late & platform sometimes changes. But in fact - mathematical fact - there was an estimate made. Related articles.

Principles, Processes, and Practices of Project Success

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Over the years (30 something years) I come to understand and write about the Principles, Processes, and Practices of project success in a wide variety of domains. There are 5 Principles, 5 Practices, and 5 Process that can be applied to increase the probability of success of all projects.

12 Principles of Agile with and without Estimates

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When we hear that the next big thing in agile is Not Estimating, let's look to see how those 12 Principles can be applied without those estimates? . How estimates help implement these principles. Without estimates what is missing. Without estimating the delivered value to the business for the estimated cost and time to delivery that value, the balance sheet will be wholly uninformed about when the breakeven date for this expenditure. Yes, good process.

Two Parallel Processes of Project Success - Both Value and Delivery are Needed

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Software engineering economics is a topic that addresses the elements of software project costs estimation and analysis and project benefit-cost ratio analysis. This is the foundation for estimates. Estimates, with accuracy and precision values, are needed to make credible decisions.

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How To Motivate Your Project Team

Girl's Guide to PM

We do it as children, we do it as teenagers (often terrifying our parents in the process) and we do it as adults. Strengths-based project management is an approach to project management that focuses on the people rather than the process.

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Wilo's Law and Mature Communications Processes

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To make some conjecture that some process will fix the problem - Estimates are the smell of dysfunction and NOT Estimating will fix that dysfunction - is naive at best and willfully ignorant of Root Cause Analysis at worse. Avoid Verbal Orders is a critical process in any critical situation. Related articles. Why Guessing is not Estimating and Estimating is not Guessing. A popular quote in the agile community is Wilo's Law.

Common Ground for a Conversation about Estimating

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Neil Killick posted a good question, what's the common ground for talking about estimates. All estimates have two attributes - accuracy and precision. The values of these two attributes are what those needing the estimates are after. With the knowledge of the two values of these two attributes the decision makers can assess the "value" of the estimate. That request comes from those asking for the estimate. But that dysfunction is not "caused" by the estimate.

Coherent Design and Development Process

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Related articles. Why Guessing is not Estimating and Estimating is not Guessing. We're working on a white paper "Increasing the Probability of Program Success with Continuous Risk Management," for the Joint Space Cost Council, Scheduler's Forum. During our research, I found a paper "Management Disciplines: Harbingers of Successful Programs," David Acker, Defense Systems Management Review , Summer, 1979.

Software Development Process Improvement Opportunities

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Related articles. Estimating and Making Decisions in Presence of Uncertainty. When we hear about all the suggested ways to improve the effectiveness of our development effort, if we're to going work on improvements, let's go where the REAL money is. .