How to Create a Performance Measurement Baseline for Your Projects

ProjectManager.com

Ideally, project managers know better than to execute their project plans without a performance measurement baseline. A performance measurement baseline provides a window into the project that allows project managers to see roadblocks and resolve them before the project hits a dead end.

Phrases Used for Technical Performance Measures

Herding Cats

All project progress is measured independent of resources expended - Mr. Gary Bliss, Director Performance Assessment and Root Cause Analysis (PARCA), US Department of Defense. No matter the domain, the engineering development process, these concepts are applicable. Measuring progress must be in units meaningful to the decision maker. For any system, estimates of future life-cycle costs are subject to varying degrees of uncertainty.

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Project Management, Performance Measures, and Statistical Decision Making

Herding Cats

There is a current rash of suggestions on how to improve the performance of software projects. I work in the Software Intensive System of Systems domains in Aerospace, Defense, Enterprise IT (both commercial and government) applying Agile, Earned Value Management, Productive Statistical Estimating (both parametric and Monte Carlo), Risk Management, and Root Cause Analysis with a variety of capabilities. Figure 1 - Planned Estimates versus Actual Performance from [1].

How to Talk About Estimates

Herding Cats

What is an estimate? An estimate as a noun is an approximate calculation or judgment of the value, number, quantity, or extent of something. An estimate as a verb is to roughly calculate or judge the value, number, quantity, or extent of. But those estimates, nouns, and verbs themselves's have other attributes. Every month there is a Month End reports, both showing cumulative cost to date, cumulative schedule performance, and Physical Percent Complete.

4 Fallacious Reasons to Estimate and Why Those Are Fallacious

Herding Cats

There's a recent post titled Four Fallacious Reasons to Estimate. It lists the usual suspects for why those spending the money think they don't have to estimate how much they plan to spend when they'll be done producing the value they've been assigned to produce for that expenditure. And like many posts and tweets about estimating, it's made from this point of view, not the business point view, not from the point of view of those paying the developer.

Project Management Process: The Basics

Clarizen

Edwards Deming once wrote that “if you cannot describe what you are doing as a process, you do not know what you are doing.” Project Management Process Groups. Initiating : processes that are required to define and authorize a new project, or a new phase of an existing project. .

Project Management Process & Phases

ProProfs Project Management

In simple terms, the Project Management process is the art of managing all components of a project from starting to closure using a structured scientific methodology. Let’s learn about the whole process while discussing 5 project management steps of a project life cycle.

A Compendium of Works to Increase the Probability of Project Success

Herding Cats

Managment Processes. Integrated Master Plan: The Foundation of Program Success , College of Performance Management, May 21, 2014. The Nine "I's" of Program Success ," College of Performance Management. Making the Impossible Possible: Applying Heliotropic Abundance for creating Program and Project Management Processes. Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning. Project Performance Management. Measures of Product Value is Exchange for Its Cost.

2008 45

Increasing the Probability of Project Success

Herding Cats

This means having a set of Principles, Process, and Practices to test the suggestion against. These Five Immutable principles are time phased into Processes that provide answers to the Five Principles. and the connections between each Process are made to form a Closed Loop control systems needed to manage any project. With some details for each process area. To support these Principles and Processes, a set of Practices are needed.

2017 69

Closed Loop Control and Granularity of the Estimating Process

Herding Cats

For software, this can be value produced (assuming we have a unit of measure for that value in the for of effectiveness, performance, key performance parameters, or technical performance measures ). DP6Jw is an overview of this process. For your Honeywell or Nest controller on the wall, that sample rate is measured in seconds. It can be the cost, schedule, and technical performance measures of the software project.

Compendium of Works to Increase Probability of Project Success

Herding Cats

Management Processes (#MP). Project Performance Management (#PPM). Technical Performance Measures (#TPM). Cost, Schedule, and Technical Performance Management (#CSTPM). The overarching theme is focused on defining what Done looks like, assessing progress toward Done in units of measure meaningful to the decision makers. Those units always start with Measures of Effectiveness and Measures of Performance. Management Processes.

2019 37

What is an Estimate? What is Estimating?

Herding Cats

I work in a domain where estimates are made every single week. Estimate to Complete (ETC), Estimate at Completion (EAC), Estimated Completion Date (ECD) are the life blood of our software intensive system of systems programs. Embedded systems, data processing, image processes, web interfaces, backend databases, networking of collections of devices on the ground and in the air, training systems, logistics systems, maintenance and testing systems.

Deconstructing the Hertz and Accenture Debacle

Herding Cats

A recent lawsuit by Hertz Rental Car against Accenture has turned into a rallying cry by Agilest and No Estimates advocates. Of course, No Root Cause analysis has been performed by these advocates, but it makes good click bait for their followers. This approach is guided by the processes for Root Cause Analysis on Software Intensive System of Systems project I've worked. Were they based on the established planning processes for complex Software Intensive System of Systems?

2019 36

Definition of Done

Herding Cats

These Measures have Little meaning to the Decision Makers. Do those capabilities meet the Measures of Effectiveness needed to accomplish the mission of the system in operational units of success closely related to the achievements of the mission or operational objectives evaluated in the operational environment, under a specific set of conditions? These are attributes to assure the system has the capability and capacity to perform.

2017 38

Biases in Project Management and How to Remove Them

Herding Cats

There is always lots of complaining about the biases introduced into managing projects and making the estimates needed to make project decisions. Cognitive bias - a mistake in reasoning, evaluating, remembering, or other cognitive processes, often occurring as a result of holding onto one's preferences and beliefs regardless of contrary information. Because of that, we don't separate the thinking processes into a dual-system.

Project Versus Product in Agile Development

Herding Cats

But if the development work is a Project is a fixed period of performance, for a fixed (with margin) budget, and a fixed set of Capabilities, then the question is can agile be used to develop the software? When an agile advocate says, software development is a product, not a project, and provides all the reasons why the thought process needs to switch from project to products, they may be unfamiliar with how many businesses actually work.

2018 38

Value First, Requires Margin and Contingency

Herding Cats

The principles of microeconomics of decision making in the presence of uncertainty mandates you make estimates of how to achieve that Value in terms of cost and schedule, those three (and all) variables are random variables, usually driven by a stochastic process. This process can be stationary (unchanging distribution) or non-stationary (a changing distribution function). There's a popular notion in Agile that says Focus on Value.

2018 36

Integrated Master Plan - Revisited

Herding Cats

Transparent – Comprehensible display of what needs to be done and how completion is measured. It is essential that the IMP represent the work that must be performed. If the IMP is being prepared as part of a proposal, then the Request for Proposal (RFP) and RFP attachments will be the primary documents to define the work to be performed. The IMP shows the Accomplishments and the measures of Accomplishments that are essential to get through a design review.

2017 37

Cone of Uncertainty Bibliography

Herding Cats

I work in a domain where the CoU is baked into the Integrated Program Performance Management (IPPM) processes flowed down from the buyer, in this case, the Federal Government. The CoU paradigm defines the needed reduction in uncertainty is some performance metric. This can be the confidence in the estimate for any variable. It can be the needed performance of a measure - Effectiveness, Performance, Key Performance Parameter, or a Technical Performance Measures.

2017 32

From Mission Capabilities to Done

Herding Cats

No matter the project domain or the technical development method, project success is dependent on knowing what Done looks like in units of measure meaningful to the decision maker. These measures are: Measures of Effectiveness (MOE) – are the operational measures of success that are closely related to the achievements of the mission or operational objectives evaluated in the operational environment, under a specific set of conditions.

2017 35

Connecting "What" with "How" - and the Failure to Understand the Principles of Systems Engineering and Systems Management

Herding Cats

It is applied through the application of systems engineering processes within a managed lifecycle working with a number of other management, engineering, and specialist disciplines. Progress and Value are measured with the same in Earned Value Management. In Earned Value Management paradigm, progress is always measured as physical percent complete. The Measures of effectiveness. The Measures of Performance are. Key Performance Parameters.

2018 31

Increasing the Probability of Program Success

Herding Cats

And to make those risk-informed decisions in the presence of reducible and irreducible uncertainty we need to ESTIMATE. So, If your making decisions in the presence of uncertainty and you're NOT estimating the impact of those risks on the probability of success, then you're not managing the project - usually paid with other people's money as an Adult. So let's look at the principles, processes, and practices that will be in the White paper when it is complete.

2017 34

Risk Management in Five Easy Pieces, with Apologies to Jack

Herding Cats

Managing Cost, Schedule, & Technical Performance Risk Is The Basis Of Good Project Management. Certain information about key project cost, performance, and schedule attributes are often unknown until the project is underway. These risks can be mitigated with a good risk management process. A good risk management process is proactive and fundamentally different than issue management or problem-solving, which is reactive. Risk Management Process Model.

2017 37

INVEST, Scrum and Enterprise IT

Herding Cats

That means the system architecture, the process flow, the data flow architecture components all how NO dependencies on other. The notion that a User Story would be Independent of all other User Stories makes no sense since the Integrated system is a tightly coupled set of concurrent processes starting with the initial request for Health Insurance ending with the issuance of a Health Insurance policy ranging for a commercial policy to Medicare.

2018 31

Cone of Uncertainty - Revisited

Herding Cats

We're writing two chapters in an upcoming Project Management Book, with a working title, The Gower Handbook of Project Performance for Agile, Waterfall and Everything in Between , edited by Mark Phillips. Specific actions to reduce the Episuncertaintiesnaties and Margin to handle the Aleatory uncertainies are part of any good project management process. .

2012 28

Misinterpretations of the Cone of Uncertainty

Herding Cats

The Cone of Uncertainty as a Technical Performance Measure. Active reduction requires we have a desired reduction goal, perform the work, and measure progress toward the rduction goal. Management of this reduction work and measurement of the progress is a Close Loop Control System paradigm. Closed Loop Control, has a goal, an action, a measurement, and a corrective action. The Cone of Uncertainty as a Technical Performance Measure.

2017 32

Performance-Based Project Management®

Herding Cats

Performance–Based Project Management ® integrates five critical program management process areas with – Cost, Schedule, and Technical Performance Measures. The inclusion of Technical Performance Measures (TPM) separates this approach from conventional methods based solely on managing cost and schedule. The result is increased visibility and credibility of the Independent Estimate at Completion (IEAC). Eyes Wide Shut - A View of No Estimates.

Decision Analysis - Ordinal and Cardinal Measures

Herding Cats

This method is the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). AHP is based on the principle that all measurements are relative. AHP provides a framework to make relative comparisons using a rational decision structure based on scaled pairwise comparisons (Borda Ranking) using a scale that converts stakeholder preferences and priorities into ratio measures. This decision model for software development projects addressed: performance, cost, time, and risk.

2018 40

Five Immutable Principles of Project Success

Herding Cats

No matter the engineering processes used to produce the outcomes from the project. Without these measures, Done will usually mean . Without these measures, Done will usually mean we ran out of time and money. . The test of the hypothesis for projects are the Measures of Effectiveness, Measures of Performance, Key Performance Parameters, and techTechnicalformance Measures used to assess progress to plan for the project. No Estimating?

2017 35

Biases in Project Management and How to Remove Them

Herding Cats

There is always lots of complaining about the biases introduced into managing projects and making the estimates needed to make project decisions. Cognitive bias - a mistake in reasoning, evaluating, remembering, or other cognitive processes, often occurring as a result of holding onto one's preferences and beliefs regardless of contrary information. Because of that, we don't separate the thinking processes into a dual-system.

INVEST, Scrum and Enterprise IT

Herding Cats

That means the system architecture, the process flow, the data flow architecture components all how NO dependencies on other. The notion that a User Story would be Independent of all other User Stories makes no sense since the Integrated system is a tightly coupled set of concurrent processes starting with the initial request for Health Insurance ending with the issuance of a Health Insurance policy ranging for a commercial policy to Medicare.

2018 28

Performance-Based Project Management®

Herding Cats

Successfully managing projects, not matter the domain, the size, the development or engineering method starts with a set of Principles, Practices, and Processes. The Processes need to be tailored to your domain. Principles and Practices of Performance-Based Project Management® from Glen Alleman. Information Technology Estimating Quality.

2017 32

Fallacy of the Day

Herding Cats

Project Controls are Management Actions, either preplanned to achieve the desired result, or taken as a corrective measure prompted by the monitoring process. Project controls are concerned with the metrics of the project – quantities, time, cost, and other resources and their measurable beneficial outcomes for the project. In the Project Controls paradigm, Value is a measurable attribute of the project controls process - a Closed Loop Control measure.

2017 34

Why project work doesn’t get completed early…

Kiron Bondale

I usually advise my students to encourage their team members to not provide padded work estimates, but rather to make schedule contingencies visible and tie these contingencies to milestones rather than to individual activities.

2020 289

Wilo's Law and Mature Communications Processes

Herding Cats

To make some conjecture that some process will fix the problem - Estimates are the smell of dysfunction and NOT Estimating will fix that dysfunction - is naive at best and willfully ignorant of Root Cause Analysis at worse. Avoid Verbal Orders is a critical process in any critical situation. Any successful technical communication needs to have: Measures of Effectiveness. Measures of Performance. Technical Performance Measures.

2017 46

Quote of the Day

Herding Cats

This process requires making estimates of cost, schedule, and technical performance to increase the probability of program success as defined by with Measures of Effectiveness, Measures of Performance, Technical Performance Measures, and Key Performance Parameters. Capabilities Estimating Quotes

9 Types of Artifacts in Project Management

Rebel’s Guide to PM

For example, an estimate is the obvious output of the estimating process, so estimates aren’t mentioned again as a separate project artifact. This category relates to the various project management logs and registers we have as part of the daily management of the process.

2021 394

Physical Percent Complete: Knowing When You Are Done

Herding Cats

The goal of every program manager is to have a set of practices that connect all the programmatic planning, risk, and performance information in a single unified view needed to support the decisions that increase the probability of success of any project or program. Reductionism must be replaced by emergence where the complex system of data and processes and the sum of the pieces and parts provides a deeper insight into the functions of the system.

2018 38

Don't Be Fooled

Herding Cats

Of late I've encountered many people on the web and in face-to-face encounters that simply fail to understand how probability and statistics works and how the principles of probability and statistics impact our decision-making processes. Hyndman - in our program planning and controls domain ARIMA (Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average) is a powerful tool for forecasting future project behaviors based on past performance. Introduction to Stochastic Process , Paul G.

2018 44

Start with Principles, Not Personal Anecdotes

Herding Cats

I've seen estimates abused by bad managers, so let's NOT estimate and that will fix the behavior of Bad Managers." The "bad management" is itself a symptom of untrained, inexperienced, unskilled decision making processes in the presence of uncertainty. . While the human behaviors are real and observable, conjecturing that decisions can be made in the presence of uncertainty without estimating the outcome of those decisions, there is no principle to support that conjecture.

2018 39